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Lateral view of a Female Hexagenia limbata (Ephemeridae) (Hex) Mayfly Dun from the Namekagon River in Wisconsin
Hex Mayflies
Hexagenia limbata

The famous nocturnal Hex hatch of the Midwest (and a few other lucky locations) stirs to the surface mythically large brown trout that only touch streamers for the rest of the year.

Dorsal view of a Zapada cinctipes (Nemouridae) (Tiny Winter Black) Stonefly Nymph from the Yakima River in Washington
Nymphs of this species were fairly common in late-winter kick net samples from the upper Yakima River. Although I could not find a key to species of Zapada nymphs, a revision of the Nemouridae family by Baumann (1975) includes the following helpful sentence: "2 cervical gills on each side of midline, 1 arising inside and 1 outside of lateral cervical sclerites, usually single and elongate, sometimes constricted but with 3 or 4 branches arising beyond gill base in Zapada cinctipes." This specimen clearly has the branches and is within the range of that species.
27" brown trout, my largest ever. It was the sub-dominant fish in its pool. After this, I hooked the bigger one, but I couldn't land it.
Troutnut is a project started in 2003 by salmonid ecologist Jason "Troutnut" Neuswanger to help anglers and fly tyers unabashedly embrace the entomological side of the sport. Learn more about Troutnut or support the project for an enhanced experience here.

Posts: 12
Irishangler on Jun 27, 2008June 27th, 2008, 4:38 pm EDT
I was curious to hear your opinions about over- or under-lining to change the casting characteristics of a fly rod. A friend of mine most frequently uses a 6-wt medium fast rod and started spooling 5-wt line, especially when throwing streamers, to get a little more pop on longer casts. He swears this makes it easier to accomplish this task. How sound is his reasoning?

Site Editor
"Bear Swamp," PA

Posts: 1681
GONZO on Jun 27, 2008June 27th, 2008, 5:19 pm EDT
There's nothing wrong with using line weight to fine tune a rod to suit your taste. If your friend likes the way it works, that's all that really matters. Generally, under-lining a rod speeds up the action and over-lining slows it down. Some people over-line fast rods to make them work easier at short distance, and others under-line slower rods to let them carry more line without bogging down. If your friend is throwing heavy streamers, I'd say his reasoning is reasonable.
Martinlf's profile picture
Palmyra PA

Posts: 3047
Martinlf on Dec 12, 2014December 12th, 2014, 11:12 am EST
Bumped up for Halperin.
"He spread them a yard and a half. 'And every one that got away is this big.'"

--Fred Chappell

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