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Lateral view of a Male Baetis (Baetidae) (Blue-Winged Olive) Mayfly Dun from Mystery Creek #43 in New York
Blue-winged Olives

Tiny Baetis mayflies are perhaps the most commonly encountered and imitated by anglers on all American trout streams due to their great abundance, widespread distribution, and trout-friendly emergence habits.

Lateral view of a Onocosmoecus (Limnephilidae) (Great Late-Summer Sedge) Caddisfly Larva from the Yakima River in Washington
This specimen keys pretty easily to Onocosmoecus, and it closely resembles a specimen from Alaska which caddis expert Dave Ruiter recognized as this genus. As with that specimen, the only species in the genus documented in this area is Onocosmoecus unicolor, but Dave suggested for that specimen that there might be multiple not-yet-distinguished species under the unicolor umbrella and it would be best to stick with the genus-level ID. I'm doing the same for this one.
27" brown trout, my largest ever. It was the sub-dominant fish in its pool. After this, I hooked the bigger one, but I couldn't land it.
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Tulsa, Oklahoma

Posts: 2
Hueste on Mar 6, 2007March 6th, 2007, 8:18 am EST
Well i have not been fly fishing since i was a kid and i am trying to get back into it but i need some advice on equiptment, more importantly what stuff to stay away from.

I have heard Pflueger and Sage are good brands and Orvis but i don't know much else. I think i am looking for around a 5wt setup maybe a pflueger 1500 reel but i am not sure on rod. and i am not sure abou the small odds and ends i need either.

I will be fishing the white river in north west Arkansas mostly until i plan some good trips to other parts of the country. I am looking for a list of essentials that i will need and things i might want to add to the tackle box later. also if anyone knows of a good beginers site that would be great.


I am new so let the dumb questions slide
Taxon's profile picture
Site Editor
Plano, TX

Posts: 1311
Taxon on Mar 6, 2007March 6th, 2007, 11:18 am EST
Here is a good place to start:

Recommendations for the Beginning Fly-Fisher
Best regards,
Roger Rohrbeck
CaseyP's profile picture
Arlington, VA/ Mercersburg, PA

Posts: 653
CaseyP on Mar 6, 2007March 6th, 2007, 12:40 pm EST
good page, Roger.

best piece of gear advice i was ever given as a newcomer was: a big, really big, safety pin or two. they're called quilt pins in the fabric store. nothing beats them for untangling stuff. bring two so you can drop one.

oh, and don't forget a net. it's kinder to the fish unless you know how to hold them upside down when getting the hook out. a MeasureNet has kind mesh and doesn't cost the earth.

and a disposable waterproof camera.
"You can observe a lot by watching." Yogi Berra
Martinlf's profile picture
Palmyra PA

Posts: 3047
Martinlf on Mar 6, 2007March 6th, 2007, 1:00 pm EST
Great tip on the safety pin, Casey. I love these little immensely useful homemade gadget ideas. I make my own tiny fly tweezers out of big bobby pins. The ones with two unrippled sides seem to work best. Bend to suit and attach it somewhere with a zinger or elastic band. I have one attached to my midge box and another attached to my baetis box.
"He spread them a yard and a half. 'And every one that got away is this big.'"

--Fred Chappell
Tulsa, Oklahoma

Posts: 2
Hueste on Mar 7, 2007March 7th, 2007, 1:43 am EST
Thanks for the link and the tips, I will definately post what i find, what i get and how it works for me.
I am new so let the dumb questions slide
Bloomfield, NJ

Posts: 4
The_Sib on Mar 14, 2007March 14th, 2007, 1:38 pm EDT
I did the same thing as you.

FF'd from age 15 to 25.
Gave it up for 25 years and picked it up again in 2000.

I will make a suggestion:
Test cast a lot of rods before you decide.
Slow ones, Medium ones, med-fast and fast.

Length depends on the type of stream you frequent.
Big open water = long rod.
Small brushy water = short rod
Mid-length rods = all around

I'll bet you surprise yourself.

I like test casting rods about as much as I like test driving cars.
( AND that's quite a bit )

In addition to a reel, You'll also need:
Tippet spools in 3x, 4x, 5x, 6x
Assorted flies - dries, nymphs, emergers
dry fly floatant
Asst'd Split shot

yada yada yada

~ Greg

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