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Artistic view of a Male Pteronarcys californica (Pteronarcyidae) (Giant Salmonfly) Stonefly Adult from the Gallatin River in Montana
Salmonflies
Pteronarcys californica

The giant Salmonflies of the Western mountains are legendary for their proclivity to elicit consistent dry-fly action and ferocious strikes.

Lateral view of a Onocosmoecus (Limnephilidae) (Great Late-Summer Sedge) Caddisfly Larva from the Yakima River in Washington
This specimen keys pretty easily to Onocosmoecus, and it closely resembles a specimen from Alaska which caddis expert Dave Ruiter recognized as this genus. As with that specimen, the only species in the genus documented in this area is Onocosmoecus unicolor, but Dave suggested for that specimen that there might be multiple not-yet-distinguished species under the unicolor umbrella and it would be best to stick with the genus-level ID. I'm doing the same for this one.
27" brown trout, my largest ever. It was the sub-dominant fish in its pool. After this, I hooked the bigger one, but I couldn't land it.
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Photos by Troutnut from Mystery Creek #199 in Washington

Mystery Creek # 199 in Washington
Naneum Creek

From Mystery Creek # 199 in Washington

Closeup insects by Troutnut from Mystery Creek #199 in Washington

Dorsal view of a Setvena wahkeena (Perlodidae) (Wahkeena Springfly) Stonefly Nymph from Mystery Creek #199 in Washington
As far as I can tell, this species has only previously been reported from one site in Oregon along the Columbia gorge. However, the key characteristics are fairly unmistakable in all except for one minor detail:
— 4 small yellow spots on frons visible in photos
— Narrow occipital spinule row curves forward (but doesn’t quite meet on stem of ecdysial suture, as it's supposed to in this species)
— Short spinules on anterior margin of front legs
— Short rposterior row of blunt spinules on abdominal tergae, rather than elongated spinules dorsally
I caught several of these mature nymphs in the fishless, tiny headwaters of a creek high in the Wenatchee Mountains.
Dorsal view of a Ameletus velox (Ameletidae) (Brown Dun) Mayfly Nymph from Mystery Creek #199 in Washington
This Ameletus has puzzled me since I found their exuviae four years ago. Using the key in Larvae and adults of Ameletus mayflies (Ephemeroptera: Ameletidae) from Alberta this appears to key to Ameletus velox. It also sort of matches the color pattern on abdominal segments 6-7 from their figure 20C, which their text mentions as another identifying characteristic. However, one characteristic ("incisor area of left mandible with second denticle much smaller than first") doesn't seem to match. Also, velox is reportedly among the largest Ameletus species, but not quite as large as this nymph. My best guess is still that it represents a bit of undocumented variation on velox.
Dorsal view of a Kogotus (Perlodidae) Stonefly Nymph from Mystery Creek #199 in Washington
This one pretty clearly keys to Kogotus, but it also looks fairly different from specimens I caught in the same creek about a month later in the year. With only one species of the genus known in Washington, I'm not sure about the answer to this ID.

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Jun 28, 2007
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