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Artistic view of a Male Pteronarcys californica (Pteronarcyidae) (Giant Salmonfly) Stonefly Adult from the Gallatin River in Montana
Salmonflies
Pteronarcys californica

The giant Salmonflies of the Western mountains are legendary for their proclivity to elicit consistent dry-fly action and ferocious strikes.

Dorsal view of a Neoleptophlebia (Leptophlebiidae) Mayfly Nymph from the Yakima River in Washington
Some characteristics from the microscope images for the tentative species id: The postero-lateral projections are found only on segment 9, not segment 8. Based on the key in Jacobus et al. (2014), it appears to key to Neoleptophlebia adoptiva or Neoleptophlebia heteronea, same as this specimen with pretty different abdominal markings. However, distinguishing between those calls for comparing the lengths of the second and third segment of the labial palp, and this one (like the other one) only seems to have two segments. So I'm stuck on them both. It's likely that the fact that they're immature nymphs stymies identification in some important way.
27" brown trout, my largest ever. It was the sub-dominant fish in its pool. After this, I hooked the bigger one, but I couldn't land it.
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Dorsal view of a Rhyacophila brunnea (Rhyacophilidae) (Green Sedge) Caddisfly Larva from unknown in Wisconsin
Litobrancha
Knoxville TN

Posts: 51
Litobrancha on Sep 5, 2006September 5th, 2006, 8:38 am EDT
Wow! Looks like Himalopsyche, a Rhyacophilid we don't get down here. World checklist has one Nearctic species, H. phryganea. Quick note, Himalopsyche fifth instars are huge and supposed to have thoracic branched gills too. Not sure what other Rhyacophila larvae have abdominal gills, in the SE USA only R. brunnea does and i've never seen it. Great photo!
Troutnut
Troutnut's profile picture
Administrator
Bellevue, WA

Posts: 2758
Troutnut on Sep 5, 2006September 5th, 2006, 5:32 pm EDT
Based on the email you sent me tonight, and the distribution records, I've moved this one over to R. brunnea. Thanks for the help!
Jason Neuswanger, Ph.D.
Troutnut and salmonid ecologist

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