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Artistic view of a Male Pteronarcys californica (Pteronarcyidae) (Giant Salmonfly) Stonefly Adult from the Gallatin River in Montana
Pteronarcys californica

The giant Salmonflies of the Western mountains are legendary for their proclivity to elicit consistent dry-fly action and ferocious strikes.

Dorsal view of a Glossosoma (Glossosomatidae) (Little Brown Short-horned Sedge) Caddisfly Larva from the Yakima River in Washington
I caught this tiny larva without a case, but it seems to key pretty clearly to to Glossosomatidae. From there, the lack of sclerites on the mesonotum points to either Glossosoma or Anagapetus. Although it's difficult to see in a 2D image from the microscope, it's pretty clear in the live 3D view that the pronotum is only excised about 1/3 of its length to accommodate the forecoxa, not 2/3, which points to Glossosoma at Couplet 5 of the Key to Genera of Glossosomatidae Larvae.
27" brown trout, my largest ever. It was the sub-dominant fish in its pool. After this, I hooked the bigger one, but I couldn't land it.
Troutnut is a project started in 2003 by salmonid ecologist Jason "Troutnut" Neuswanger to help anglers and fly tyers unabashedly embrace the entomological side of the sport. Learn more about Troutnut or support the project for an enhanced experience here.


Posts: 1
Thai on Mar 17, 2012March 17th, 2012, 7:21 am EDT
Hi Everyone,

We are heading for the Kenai and Russian River for 2012 salmon runs. We will stay on the Russian campground for a couple of days and may have time to try out trout fishing on the Russian. I have the gear for trout, but wonder what type of Flies and hook Size to bring in mid-end of July. My research came up with Bugger, egg sucking leach, Muddler, bunny leach and of course any egg pattern.

The information I read do not include hook Size and what is legal and illegal regarding what can be use and hook size to use.

If you have experience or knowledge of such information to share, I am greatly approciated.

Thanks so much..Thai

GldstrmSam's profile picture
Fairbanks, Alaska

Posts: 212
GldstrmSam on Mar 17, 2012March 17th, 2012, 2:41 pm EDT
Welcome Thai,

This is a good site for the fly patterns and hook sizes.

Here is a link to the Kenai river regulations.

I hope this helps,

There is no greater fan of fly fishing than the worm. ~Patrick F. McManus
Troutnut's profile picture
Bellevue, WA

Posts: 2758
Troutnut on Mar 18, 2012March 18th, 2012, 12:59 pm EDT
The most popular way to fish for trout and dollies there at the time of year is with beads that simulated eggs, usually fished "chuck-n-duck" style to get them down to the bottom fast in heavy current. Not just any random beads will do, but I think some fly shops near the Kenai sell ones that work. People often create various shades and complex colors using nail polish, to "match the hatch" of the current crop of salmon eggs.

I never really got into this bead fishing thing, but it certainly works, and there's a surprising amount of skill to it (as I learned when I tried it once and got severely outfished by some guys who knew the technique well).
Jason Neuswanger, Ph.D.
Troutnut and salmonid ecologist

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