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Lateral view of a Female Hexagenia limbata (Ephemeridae) (Hex) Mayfly Dun from the Namekagon River in Wisconsin
Hex Mayflies
Hexagenia limbata

The famous nocturnal Hex hatch of the Midwest (and a few other lucky locations) stirs to the surface mythically large brown trout that only touch streamers for the rest of the year.

Lateral view of a Male Baetidae (Blue-Winged Olive) Mayfly Dun from Mystery Creek #308 in Washington
This dun emerged from a mature nymph on my desk. Unfortunately its wings didn't perfectly dry out.
27" brown trout, my largest ever. It was the sub-dominant fish in its pool. After this, I hooked the bigger one, but I couldn't land it.
Troutnut is a project started in 2003 by salmonid ecologist Jason "Troutnut" Neuswanger to help anglers and fly tyers unabashedly embrace the entomological side of the sport. Learn more about Troutnut or support the project for an enhanced experience here.

Lateral view of a Female Epeorus vitreus (Heptageniidae) (Sulphur) Mayfly Spinner from Mystery Creek #43 in New York
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Bellevue, WA

Posts: 2758
Troutnut on Oct 4, 2006October 4th, 2006, 1:03 pm EDT
Most of this relatively large spinner's features make me think Maccaffertium but the fore tarsal ratio and the upward slant of the basal costal crossveins seem to fit Epeorus. Any thoughts? I'm guessing it's a late-season vitreus.
Jason Neuswanger, Ph.D.
Troutnut and salmonid ecologist
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"Bear Swamp," PA

Posts: 1681
GONZO on Oct 5, 2006October 5th, 2006, 8:51 am EDT
I'll second your call on this one. Some female "salmon spinners" of Stenacron look similar to this at first, but the dark crossveins usually give them away upon closer inspection.

Most of the female vitreus spinners I've seen have tails that are darker basally, but I don't think that's any reason to question the identity of this specimen. As far as I know, the only other Epeorus spinner with this coloration is albertae, and I think we can probably rule that out based on distribution.
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"Bear Swamp," PA

Posts: 1681
GONZO on Oct 5, 2006October 5th, 2006, 7:05 pm EDT
I was just flipping through some of my collecting notes while lounging in front of some late-night TV. One is from Aug. 8, 2003 on the Yellow Breeches, and I'll quote it verbatim:

"female spinner, 12mm, orange tergites w/ brown marks, orange head w/ pale green eyes, two tan tails, tan rear legs w/ brn. stripes on femurs, orange-brn. front legs w/ striped femurs, tannish orange thorax (lt. below), underbelly orange w/ crm. tip, wings hyaline w/ no dk. markings." Beside the note I wrote "vitreus."

Many anglers assume that vitreus is pretty much done after it peaks in June, but it tends to linger sporadically for quite some time, even in relatively warm streams like the Breeches. I have fished excellent hatches of vitreus in mid-September on the West Branch of the Delaware with the cold-water influence.

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