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Artistic view of a Male Pteronarcys californica (Pteronarcyidae) (Giant Salmonfly) Stonefly Adult from the Gallatin River in Montana
Pteronarcys californica

The giant Salmonflies of the Western mountains are legendary for their proclivity to elicit consistent dry-fly action and ferocious strikes.

Dorsal view of a Neoleptophlebia (Leptophlebiidae) Mayfly Nymph from the Yakima River in Washington
Some characteristics from the microscope images for the tentative species id: The postero-lateral projections are found only on segment 9, not segment 8. Based on the key in Jacobus et al. (2014), it appears to key to Neoleptophlebia adoptiva or Neoleptophlebia heteronea, same as this specimen with pretty different abdominal markings. However, distinguishing between those calls for comparing the lengths of the second and third segment of the labial palp, and this one (like the other one) only seems to have two segments. So I'm stuck on them both. It's likely that the fact that they're immature nymphs stymies identification in some important way.
27" brown trout, my largest ever. It was the sub-dominant fish in its pool. After this, I hooked the bigger one, but I couldn't land it.
Troutnut is a project started in 2003 by salmonid ecologist Jason "Troutnut" Neuswanger to help anglers and fly tyers unabashedly embrace the entomological side of the sport. Learn more about Troutnut or support the project for an enhanced experience here.


Posts: 3
Bver on Feb 17, 2015February 17th, 2015, 2:24 pm EST
I need some help on buying a new fly rod, as my old one snapped. I am not sure what length and weight to get, but I will be fishing mainly smaller streams (10-40ft) in new jersey and pennsylvania if that helps. Looking for this to be my only fly rod, so willing to spend up to $250 on the rod+reel.

Any help on what size/weight/action would be best, as well as any specific rod+reel you recommend is greatly appreciated.

Martinlf's profile picture
Palmyra PA

Posts: 3047
Martinlf on Feb 17, 2015February 17th, 2015, 3:12 pm EST
See Kyle's post on 4 wt rods. Some of the rods recommended are pricey, but others less so. For smaller streams the reel is basically a line holder, so any you choose should work just fine. A search of Troutnut using the term "rod" will probably bring up some other older threads discussing pros and cons of different rods. Shops and outfitters often offer complete outfits as well.
"He spread them a yard and a half. 'And every one that got away is this big.'"

--Fred Chappell
Wbranch's profile picture
York & Starlight PA

Posts: 2635
Wbranch on Feb 17, 2015February 17th, 2015, 4:15 pm EST

I lived in NJ for many years and fished the Muscenetcong, South Branch of the Raritan, and my "home" stream was Big Flatbrook. I'd recommend one of Cabela's rod, reel, and line outfits with a rod of 8' - 8 1/2'.

I have a Cabela catalog and on page 9 of the 2015 fly fishing book there is a nice combo of rod, reel, weight forward line and backing for $239.99. It is called the Freshwater TLr and it is model #865-4 (8' 6" #5 4 pcs) By buying the combo you will save about $50.00. This rod has a moderate fast action which sounds like it is a good all around rod well but not super fast like some rods where only the tip bends.

Good luck!
Catskill fly fisher for fifty-five years.

Posts: 3
Bver on Feb 17, 2015February 17th, 2015, 7:35 pm EST
Thanks guys, looking into those now. Ill decide some time in the next week and have it ready for the trout season. I think im between a lefty kreh from TFO, or one of the cabella rods.

Are there any websites online you would recommend for flies (there are no fly shops in my area of nj)

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