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Lateral view of a Female Hexagenia limbata (Ephemeridae) (Hex) Mayfly Dun from the Namekagon River in Wisconsin
Hex Mayflies
Hexagenia limbata

The famous nocturnal Hex hatch of the Midwest (and a few other lucky locations) stirs to the surface mythically large brown trout that only touch streamers for the rest of the year.

Dorsal view of a Skwala (Perlodidae) (Large Springfly) Stonefly Nymph from the Yakima River in Washington
This Skwala nymph still has a couple months left to go before hatching, but it's still a good representative of its species, which was extremely abundant in my sample for a stonefly of this size. It's obvious why the Yakima is known for its Skwala hatch.
27" brown trout, my largest ever. It was the sub-dominant fish in its pool. After this, I hooked the bigger one, but I couldn't land it.
Troutnut is a project started in 2003 by salmonid ecologist Jason "Troutnut" Neuswanger to help anglers and fly tyers unabashedly embrace the entomological side of the sport. Learn more about Troutnut or support the project for an enhanced experience here.

Lateral view of a Cheumatopsyche (Hydropsychidae) (Little Sister Sedge) Caddisfly Pupa from the Namekagon River in Wisconsin
I photographed this one recently dead. It's hard to keep caddis pupae alive for very long in a collection container.
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"Bear Swamp," PA

Posts: 1681
GONZO on Nov 8, 2006November 8th, 2006, 6:08 am EST

I hate to ask you to dig through your specimen vials, but I'm curious to know if you can give a size reference for this one. I've stared at it many times. My first impression was Brachycentrus, but that impression was based entirely on color and markings. I haven't been able to find any definitive keys to verify this id (though I may be missing something).

May 18 does seem a little on the late side for most of the common Eastern/Midwestern Brachycentrus spp. But, we do have a peak emergence of a Micrasema sp. around that time on the Brodheads. This is the reason I was wondering about the size. I also wanted to call attention to this specimen in the hope that Litobrancha, Taxon, or someone else might be able to end my puzzlement.
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Bellevue, WA

Posts: 2758
Troutnut on Nov 8, 2006November 8th, 2006, 7:23 am EST
Unfortunately I wasn't saving my specimens in vials back then. This was the first caddis pupa I photographed in the spring when I started this site. If I remember correctly, it was about hook size 16-18.

I'll move it to Brachycentrus for now based on your guess. The river where I collected it is in the far north of Wisconsin, which typically has timing more like the Adirondacks than PA or the Catskills or most of the famous MI water.
Jason Neuswanger, Ph.D.
Troutnut and salmonid ecologist
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"Bear Swamp," PA

Posts: 1681
GONZO on Nov 8, 2006November 8th, 2006, 9:33 am EST
Thanks Jason,

I'm still hoping that one of the bugmeisters will comment on this one, because there are a few things I find confusing.
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"Bear Swamp," PA

Posts: 1681
GONZO on Jul 24, 2008July 24th, 2008, 6:26 am EDT
Just thought I'd take a moment to try to correct my lame old guess on this one. I must have had grannoms on the brain when I first looked at this! Although a green pupa with a dark back and belly is suggestive of some brachycentrids, that's about all that might excuse my first impression. I'm now convinced that this is a hydropsychid. If I have learned to read the hook plates on the 3rd abdominal segment correctly (thanks to Dave/Creno), this should probably be placed in Cheumatopsyche.
Grants Pass, OR

Posts: 302
Creno on Jul 24, 2008July 24th, 2008, 8:10 am EDT
Gonzo - the aedeagus also looks like Cheumatopsyche.
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"Bear Swamp," PA

Posts: 1681
GONZO on Jul 24, 2008July 24th, 2008, 8:27 am EDT
Thanks, Dave. :)

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