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Lateral view of a Male Baetis (Baetidae) (Blue-Winged Olive) Mayfly Dun from Mystery Creek #43 in New York
Blue-winged Olives

Tiny Baetis mayflies are perhaps the most commonly encountered and imitated by anglers on all American trout streams due to their great abundance, widespread distribution, and trout-friendly emergence habits.

Dorsal view of a Zapada cinctipes (Nemouridae) (Tiny Winter Black) Stonefly Nymph from the Yakima River in Washington
Nymphs of this species were fairly common in late-winter kick net samples from the upper Yakima River. Although I could not find a key to species of Zapada nymphs, a revision of the Nemouridae family by Baumann (1975) includes the following helpful sentence: "2 cervical gills on each side of midline, 1 arising inside and 1 outside of lateral cervical sclerites, usually single and elongate, sometimes constricted but with 3 or 4 branches arising beyond gill base in Zapada cinctipes." This specimen clearly has the branches and is within the range of that species.
27" brown trout, my largest ever. It was the sub-dominant fish in its pool. After this, I hooked the bigger one, but I couldn't land it.
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Mayfly Species Paraleptophlebia volitans

Where & when

In 19 records from GBIF, adults of this species have been collected during July (37%), June (26%), August (11%), May (11%), April (11%), and October (5%).

Species Range

Physical description

Most physical descriptions on Troutnut are direct or slightly edited quotes from the original scientific sources describing or updating the species, although there may be errors in copying them to this website. Such descriptions aren't always definitive, because species often turn out to be more variable than the original describers observed. In some cases, only a single specimen was described! However, they are useful starting points.

Male Spinner

Body length: 5 mm
Wing length: 5-6 mm

A species with pale abdomen marked with purplish brown.

Head and thorax shiny brownish black. Legs dull whitish. Wings hyaline, veins pale. About 16 stigmatic cross veins; simple, slightly curved, not anastomosed. Fore wing narrowly brownish at the extreme base.

Abdomen hyaline white on segments 3-7; tergite 2 dark brown; segments 8-10 dark blackish brown, opaque. Tergites with narrow brown bands on the posterior margins, and irregular purplish brown markings dorsally and laterally on 5 and the apical segments. A series of short, lateral, longitudinal dark dashes above the spiracular line, each on the posterior margin of the tergite. Sternite 2 faintly shaded with brown; the apical sternites lighter brown than the corresponding tergites. Ganglionic patches outlined in ruddy brown. Forceps white. Penes separated for about half their length by a V-shaped notch; rather lyre-shaped in general appearance. The reflexed lobes are short, horse-shoe-shaped at the tip, and not visible from above (see fig. 133).

Start a Discussion of Paraleptophlebia volitans


Mayfly Species Paraleptophlebia volitans

Species Range
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