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Artistic view of a Male Pteronarcys californica (Pteronarcyidae) (Giant Salmonfly) Stonefly Adult from the Gallatin River in Montana
Salmonflies
Pteronarcys californica

The giant Salmonflies of the Western mountains are legendary for their proclivity to elicit consistent dry-fly action and ferocious strikes.

Dorsal view of a Grammotaulius betteni (Limnephilidae) (Northern Caddisfly) Caddisfly Larva from the Yakima River in Washington
This is a striking caddis larva with an interesting color pattern on the head. Here are some characteristics I was able to see under the microscope, but could not easily expose for a picture:
- The prosternal horn is present.
- The mandible is clearly toothed, not formed into a uniform scraper blade.
- The seems to be only 2 major setae on the ventral edge of the hind femur.
- Chloride epithelia seem to be absent from the dorsal side of any abdominal segments.
Based on these characteristics and the ones more easily visible from the pictures, this seems to be Grammotaulius. The key's description of the case is spot-on: "Case cylindrical, made of longitudinally arranged sedge or similar leaves," as is the description of the markings on the head, "Dorsum of head light brownish yellow with numerous discrete, small, dark spots." The spot pattern on the head is a very good match to figure 19.312 of Merritt R.W., Cummins, K.W., and Berg, M.B. (2019). The species ID is based on Grammotaulius betteni being the only species of this genus known in Washington state.
27" brown trout, my largest ever. It was the sub-dominant fish in its pool. After this, I hooked the bigger one, but I couldn't land it.
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Pryal74
Pryal74's profile picture
Escanaba, MI

Posts: 168
Pryal74 on Sep 13, 2010September 13th, 2010, 6:47 am EDT
As many of you know, the rivers of Lake Michigan, Lake Superior and Lake Michigan itself holds giant Smallmouth Bass.
Here are a few pictures of some of these monsters.






Hope you enjoy these. I only posted a few pictures. I will have some more from this fall as well.

Good luck fishing and hope to see you on the water!
Jmd123
Jmd123's profile picture
Oscoda, MI

Posts: 2474
Jmd123 on Sep 13, 2010September 13th, 2010, 7:12 am EDT
GEEEEEEZ, James, you make my smallies look, well, small!!! What do you catch these big dudes on? I use a fly of my own design I named the Killer Bass Fly, after catching a 5.5 lb. 20" largemouth on it in Texas (STILL small in comparison to your fatboys!!), and it has been working for me on largemouth, smallmouth, rock bass, sunfish (all kinds!), crappie, yellow perch, etc. for over 5 years now. Also, Woolly Buggers, with chartreuse working particularly well for me (tied with grizzly hackle, weighted underbody, Krystal Flash topping for the tail, occasionally chartreuse-dyed grizzly marabou in place of straight chartreuse) but many other colors as well (lost some big dudes in Texas on solid hot pink!). And the 18-incher my buddy Spence posted on here was taken on a size 12 White Wulff dry fly. So, I'm curious to know what these monsters fall for on the end of your fly line...

I would wish you luck but the photos already show that you seem to have plenty!! Welcome to the site and thanks for posting some fabulous pics!

Jonathon
No matter how big the one you just caught is, there's always a bigger one out there somewhere...
Jmd123
Jmd123's profile picture
Oscoda, MI

Posts: 2474
Jmd123 on Sep 13, 2010September 13th, 2010, 7:18 am EDT
P.S. Is that your daughter in the top photo? Did she catch that big one herself? I should show these to my 14-year-old to see if I can get her into fly fishing!

JMD
No matter how big the one you just caught is, there's always a bigger one out there somewhere...
MT319
NY

Posts: 24
MT319 on Sep 13, 2010September 13th, 2010, 8:14 am EDT
Speaking of little girls fly fishing...the first 53 seconds of this is awesome...this is all you JMD

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ij_OlNii0nI&feature=player_embedded
Pryal74
Pryal74's profile picture
Escanaba, MI

Posts: 168
Pryal74 on Sep 14, 2010September 14th, 2010, 3:14 am EDT
I am working on making my own minnow bait for them. One of the ones I use doesn't sink fast enough so when I strip it rides too high. I caught a boatload of them last night but none were over 2 pounds. I was a lil disappointed but the time for the monsters is drawing near. By the end of this month they will move in. My daughter does fish by herself and has started fly fishing too. Not all bass I catch are by fly rod, although it is much funner to land them on one. My new Sage Flight 7 weight 10 foot will be in sometime this week. Anyway thanks for commenting you guys.
Adirman
Adirman's profile picture
Monticello, NY

Posts: 479
Adirman on Sep 14, 2010September 14th, 2010, 12:11 pm EDT
Dude, you must be one hell of a fisherman!!!

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